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Eco-Friendly Hydraulic products with innovative technology

Operating in Konya, one of Turkey’s leading industrial cities, HAYNEKS offers its customers hydraulic and pneumatic spare parts for European, US and Japanese dump trucks, garbage trucks, fire trucks and cranes.


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Item License Code:QE3JYBXC5R


Our basic principle

Your Reliable Partner in Environmental Cleaning Tools

Environmental cleaning is among the main services of municipalities all over the world. Garbage is collected by municipalities on a daily basis

HAYNEKS HYDRAULIC offers the following products for dump garbage trucks.

  • Power take-offs (PTO)
  • Hydraulic Gear Pumps
  • Piston Pumps

customer happiness

Strong and Experienced Staff


24/7 communication opportunity


The most suitable cargo (land, air, sea, rail) options


Pre-sales and post-sales technical consultancy

What is hydraulic

Hydraulic systems are an essential part of modern machinery and equipment. From construction to manufacturing, they play a critical role in powering and controlling various processes. But what exactly is this system? In this article, we’ll explore the definition, how they work, and some common examples and applications.

Hydraulic System Definition

A hydraulic system is a mechanism that uses a pressurized liquid, typically oil, to transmit power and force from one point to another. The hydraulic working principle relies on Pascal’s law, which states that pressure applied to a confined fluid is transmitted equally in all directions. This allows the systems to generate tremendous force and precise control.

Key Components of a Hydraulic System

A hydraulic system consists of several key components that work together to generate and control the fluid power. When selecting your system, pay close attention to the following:


The pump is the heart of the hydraulic system, responsible for converting mechanical energy into fluid power. There are several types of pumps available, including gear pumps, vane pumps, and piston pumps. Choose a pump that can deliver the required flow rate and pressure for your application.


Valves control the direction, pressure, and flow of the hydraulic fluid. Directional control valves route the fluid to the appropriate actuators, while pressure relief valves protect the system from excessive pressure. Flow control valves regulate the speed of the actuators.


Actuators, such as cylinders and motors, convert the fluid power into mechanical force or motion. Cylinders are used for linear motion, while motors are used for rotary motion. Select actuators with the appropriate force or torque output for your application.

Hoses and Fittings

Hoses and fittings are used to connect the various components of the hydraulic system. Choose hoses with the proper diameter, pressure rating, and material compatibility for your application. Fittings should be selected based on the type of connection required and the pressure rating.

How the System Works

The working principle of hydraulic system can be summarized as follows:

  1. The – pump pressurizes the fluid and sends it through the system.
  2. Valves direct the pressurized fluid to the desired actuators.
  3. The actuators convert the hydraulic energy into mechanical energy, performing the required work.
  4. The fluid returns to the reservoir, where it is filtered and cooled before being recirculated by the pump.

This allows for powerful, precise, and efficient transmission of force, making it ideal for a wide range of applications.

Types of Hydraulic Systems

There are several types of – systems, each designed for specific purposes:

1. Open-Loop System

An open loop system uses a pump to move fluid from a reservoir through the system and back to the reservoir. The pump pulls the fluid from the reservoir. It then moves the fluid through the system. Finally, it returns the fluid to the reservoir. People commonly use this type in construction equipment and agricultural machinery.

2. Closed-Loop System

A closed-loop system recirculates the fluid without a reservoir. Industrial machines and robotics often use closed-loop systems. Users prefer closed-loop systems over open-loop systems because they provide better efficiency and precision.

3. Electro-System

This type combines electrical controls with – power. It allows for more advanced control and automation, making it suitable for complex applications like aircraft control systems and industrial processes. 

Hydraulic System Examples

  1. Excavators and Bulldozers: – systems power the arm, boom, and bucket movements in construction equipment.
  2. Automotive Brakes: The brake pedal in a car activates a system that applies pressure to the brake pads.
  3. Elevators:  Elevators uses a cylinder to lift and lower the elevator car.
  4. Injection Molding Machines: They provide the high pressure needed to inject molten plastic into molds.
  5. Aircraft Control Systems: Hydraulic systems are used to actuate flight control surfaces, landing gear, and brakes in aircraft.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydraulic Systems

Hydraulic systems offer several advantages, including:

  1. High power density: They can generate high forces in compact spaces
  2. Smooth and stepless control: They can provide precise and smooth control of force, speed, and position
  3. Overload protection: They can incorporate pressure relief valves to prevent damage from overloading
  4. Durability: The components are designed to withstand high pressures and harsh operating conditions

However, they also have some disadvantages, such as:

  1. Leakage: They are prone to leaks, which can lead to reduced efficiency and environmental concerns
  2. Maintenance: They require regular maintenance, such as fluid changes and filter replacements, to ensure optimal performance
  3. Noise: Hydraulic systems can generate noise during operation, which may be a concern in certain applications
  4. Temperature sensitivity: The performance of hydraulic fluids can be affected by temperature changes, requiring proper cooling and temperature control

How to Choose the Right Hydraulic System for Your Needs

Are you in the market for a new hydraulic system? With so many options available, it can be overwhelming to know where to start. This comprehensive buying guide will help you navigate the world of hydraulics and make an informed decision that meets your specific requirements.

Determining Your Hydraulic System Needs

The first step in choosing the right hydraulic system is to identify your specific needs. Consider the following factors:

  1. Application: What will the hydraulic system be used for? Common applications include construction equipment, manufacturing machinery, and agricultural implements.
  2. Load capacity: Determine the maximum load your hydraulic system will need to handle. This will help you select components with the appropriate pressure and flow ratings.
  3. Speed and precision: Consider the speed and precision requirements of your application. Some systems may need to move heavy loads quickly, while others may require slow, precise movements.
  4. Environment: Think about the environment in which your hydraulic system will operate. Will it be exposed to extreme temperatures, dust, or moisture? Choose components that can withstand these conditions.

Hydraulic Fluid Selection

The hydraulic fluid is a critical component of the system, as it transmits power, lubricates moving parts, and helps dissipate heat. When selecting a hydraulic fluid, consider the following:

  1. Viscosity: Choose a fluid with the appropriate viscosity for your operating temperature range. Higher viscosity fluids are better for high-pressure applications, while lower viscosity fluids are better for cold temperatures.
  2. Additives: Look for fluids with additives that enhance performance, such as anti-wear agents, corrosion inhibitors, and foam suppressants.
  3. Compatibility: Ensure that the fluid is compatible with the materials used in your hydraulic system, such as seals and hoses.

Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Regular maintenance is essential for ensuring the longevity and reliability of your hydraulic system. When choosing a system, consider the ease of maintenance and the availability of replacement parts. Look for systems with accessible filtration units, as clean fluid is crucial for preventing wear and damage.

Common hydraulic system issues include leaks, overheating, and poor performance. Investing in a system with built-in diagnostic features, such as pressure gauges and temperature sensors, can help you quickly identify and resolve problems.

Working with a Hydraulic System Supplier

Partnering with a reputable hydraulic system supplier can streamline the buying process and ensure that you get the right system for your needs. Look for a supplier with:

  1. Expertise: Choose a supplier with extensive knowledge of hydraulic systems and their applications.
  2. Product range: Select a supplier that offers a wide range of high-quality hydraulic components from trusted manufacturers.
  3. Technical support: Opt for a supplier that provides technical support and advice throughout the buying process and beyond.
  4. Customization options: If you have unique requirements, look for a supplier that can customize a hydraulic system to meet your specific needs.

By understanding your hydraulic system requirements, familiarizing yourself with the key components, and partnering with a knowledgeable supplier, you can make an informed decision and select a hydraulic system that will deliver reliable performance for years to come.